How Big Brother Seeded the Tech Revolution

01/24/201713 Comments

NOTE: This video was produced for BoilingFrogsPost.com on June 12, 2012. It is being made available in its entirety here for the first time.

by James Corbett
BoilingFrogsPost.com
12 June, 2012

Earlier this week Wired Magazine released a background check of Steve Jobs conducted by the Department of Defense in 1988. The background check highlights Jobs’ use of LSD in the 1970s and his fears of blackmail or kidnapping due to his substantial wealth. The check was part of a security clearance investigation conducted by the DoD during Jobs’ tenure at Pixar, an investigation that was first revealed earlier this year. Precisely what Steve Jobs needed security clearance for has not yet been revealed, but that Jobs did have some relationship with the Department of Defence will come as no surprise to those who know the long and intimate history between the US military, the US intelligence apparatus, and Silicon Valley.

The Valley was born in the post-World War II era when then-provost of Stanford College, Frederick Terman, proposed the creation of Stanford Industrial Park, now known as the Stanford Research Park. The land was to be leased out to high-tech firms created by Stanford’s graduate students and alumni.

Terman himself had an interesting history as a radio engineer and researcher who was called upon by the US government to direct the top secret Radio Research Laboratory at Harvard University during World War II. While there, Terman and his researchers developed some of the earliest signals intelligence and electronic intelligence equipment, including radar detectors, radar jammers and aluminum chaff to be used as countermeasures against German anti-air defenses.

Upon his return to Stanford after the war, Terman brought his experience, and his military contacts, with him, and began transforming the San Francisco Bay Area into a high-tech research hotspot dubbed “Microwave Valley.”

In 1951, William Shockley, one of the co-inventors of the transistor, set up the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory in Mountain View, California, current day home of Google Inc. Although unsuccessful as a businessman himself, defectors from his company would go on to found the core of the Silicon Valley enterprises, including Intel Corporation, National Semiconductor, and Advanced Micro Devices.

As the Microwave Valley of Terman began to gave way to the Silicon Valley of Shockley, an avowed eugenicist who argued for the sterilization of the less intelligent, so too did the nature of US government involvement in the technology industry itself. Rather than directly hiring the technology companies to produce the technology, consumer electronics would increasingly be regulated, directed, overseen and infiltrated by government workers, who could then use that technology as the basis for a worldwide signals intelligence operation, directed not at the militaries of foreign countries, but at the population of the world as a whole.

Although many are by now familiar with the roots of the Internet in the ARPANET, the world’s first interconnected packet switching network, with funding from the DoD’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, few are aware of just how much modern technology was originally funded by or created for government, military and intelligence agency customers.

In 1958 Mitre Corporation was founded with workers from a US Air Force anti-air defense project and continues to this day to support numerous government agencies with systems engineering and IT development, including the DoD, DHS, FAA and IRS. It is currently chaired by ex-Director of Central Intelligence James Schlesinger.

In 1977 Software Development Laboratories created the first Oracle database on contract for their customer, the CIA. Within 25 years, virtually every Fortune 100 company in the world would rely on Oracle databases to manage their information.

The Global Positioning System program, which is now an integral part of everything from car navigation systems to smartphone apps, was created by the Department of Defense. After the KAL 007 disaster, the system was committed to civilian uses including air traffic monitoring.

More important than these open interventions in the IT sector, however, are the ways that the hand of the US government in the development of modern hardware and software has been hidden behind a smokescreen of venture capital companies. Effectively, this modern system of funding for key tech startups has hidden the intimate relations that continue to exist between Silicon Valley and the heart of America’s intelligence apparatus.

As we reported last year, In-Q-Tel was set up in 1999 as the CIA’s venture capital firm to identify and acquire emerging technologies for the use of the intelligence community. Since then, they have gone on to invest in an array of companies touting various Orwellian, privacy-invading technologies that would be of significant interest to a government increasingly bent on becoming a 21st century Big Brother.

A mere degree of separation from In-Q-Tel itself, however, are the venture capitalists who funded, amongst other ventures, PayPal, Facebook and Google. Former In-Q-Tel CEO Gilman Louie sat on the board of the National Venture Capital Association with Jim Breyer, head of Accel Partners, who provided 12 million dollars of seed money for Facebook. Another early investor in Facebook was Peter Thiel, former co-founder and CEO of PayPal, and Bilderberg Group steering committee member.

In 2000, an article in the Independent announced that the CIA was looking to invest in a search engine for managing, sorting and analyzing the ever-expanding information on the world wide web. Around the same time, Sequoia Capital and Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, two Silicon Valley VCs, invested $25 million in the brand new startup Google Inc. Sequoia and Kleiner Perkins are literally neighbors of In-Q-Tel in Menlo Park, and co-invested in numerous projects. In 2006, ex-CIA officer Robert Steele told Homeland Security Today that Google “has been taking money and direction for elements of the US Intelligence Community, including the Office of Research and Development at the Central Intelligence Agency, In-Q-Tel, and in all probability, both the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Army’s Intelligence and Security Command.”

In 2005, In-Q-Tel sold over 5,000 shares of Google stock. It is not exactly clear how the CIA’s venture capital firm ended up with 5,000 shares of Google stock, but it is believed to have come when Google bought out Keyhole Inc., the developer of the software that later become Google Earth. The company’s name, “Keyhole,” is a none-too-subtle reference to the Keyhole class of reconaissance satellites that the US intelligence agencies have been using for decades to commit 3D imaging and mapping analysis.

In 2010, details of an NSA-Google relationship began to emerge, but to this present day details are being blocked from public consumption.

In 2011, Apple introduced “Siri,” an intelligent personal assistant, with the latest iteration of its iPhone smartphone series. Even at the time, many analysts noted eerie similarities between Siri and other such intelligent personal assistants developed by the Department of Defense in the past.

That all of these connections, stockholdings, regulations and infiltrations add up to something quite disturbing is beyond dispute. After all, we now live in an age where almost every household in the Western world has multiple internet-enabled devices, where much of the rest of the world is getting online via cell phones and mobile technologies, and where the vast majority of the public are content to use Google, Facebook and other “mainstream” services to search, email, connect to friends and share intimate details of their personal lives. This is the type of information that a dictator of any other age could only have dreamt of, the type of information that compiles what people are doing, what they are thinking, who they are spending there lives with and what they are spending their money on, all in real time.

And now, these latest revelations about Steve Jobs’ security clearance with the Department of Defence have passed over the heads of a general population that has been taught to unthinkingly venerate these high-tech gurus as the 21st century example of the American dream: unassuming geeks who stumbled their way into mind-boggling fortunes using nothing but their brain power. Always left out of this narrative are the machinations taking place behind the scenes, with the Department of Defence, the NSA, the Department of Homeland Security, In-Q-Tel and other agencies quietly opening doors and writing cheques for the industry’s chosen few. It remains to be seen whether the public can be roused to take an interest in this issue, or whether they will continue sharing the details of their life on Facebook and sharing their privatest thoughts with the Google search bar.

 

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13 comments

  1. Camille ( User Karma: 0 ) says:

    James, I have some information to add to this point:

    “More important than these open interventions in the IT sector, however, are the ways that the hand of the US government in the development of modern hardware and software has been hidden behind a smokescreen of venture capital companies. Effectively, this modern system of funding for key tech startups has hidden the intimate relations that continue to exist between Silicon Valley and the heart of America’s intelligence apparatus.”

    Venture capital was fueled by pension funds.

    “In 1979, the U.S. Department of Labor clarified its “prudent man” rule in a way that explicitly allowed pension fund managers to invest in high-risk assets, including venture capital. Eight years later, when more than $4 billion was invested, pension funds accounted for more than half of all contributions.”

    -The Venture Capital Revolution Author(s): Paul Gompers and Josh Lerner Source: The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 15, No. 2, (Spring, 2001), pp. 145-168 
    (page 148 – page 5 of the pdf)
    https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/43ab/1ac216f4a4630860912adeb7893c7769dea8.pdf

    “Public programs to provide early-stage financing to firms, particularly high-technology companies, have become commonplace in the United States and abroad. The long-run effectiveness of these programs, however, has attracted little empirical scrutiny. This paper examines the impact of the largest U.S. public venture capital initiative, the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, which has provided over $6 billion to small high-technology firms between 1983 and 1995.”

    -The Government as Venture Capitalist: The Long-Run Effects of the SBIR Program
    Josh Lerner
    Issued in September 1996
    http://www.nber.org/papers/w5753

    “PRUDENT PERSON RULE” STANDARD FOR THE INVESTMENT OF PENSION FUND ASSETS 
    http://www.oecd.org/finance/private-pensions/2763540.pdf

    This is what started me looking into the subject:
    Leslie Berlin: Troublemakers
    https://youtu.be/g0mdcDtfVAg?t=19m38s

    If you have seen Clint Richardson’s THE GREAT PENSION FUND HOAX, I imagine it is no surprise to see pension funds being invested in high-technology companies.

    THE GREAT PENSION FUND HOAX – Corporation Nation 2
    https://youtu.be/fhkWueEjewM

    1. john.o ( User Karma: 1 ) says:

      Wow. Thank you so much, Camille.

      I am just working through Clint Richardson’s work now, starting with your link. So excellent! (Cliché warning: “how did I miss this?”)

      Not only is it relevant to my new obsession with seeing my local water districts as local Secret Temples of the elite, but it is inspiring me to get around to critiquing that Corbett pencil sermon by giving me a good entry into the bait-and-switch that so often follows (historically, if not necessarily logically or rhetorically) from “libertarian” or “anarcho-capitalist” or “agorist” thinking — or whatever term is being used to distract from the fact that local once public assets are being sold to our worst globalist private masters without a whimper using the catch phrases provided by those movements…

      Anyway, thanks so much!

  2. Jason Carswell ( User Karma: 0 ) says:

    == Roswell, Operation Highjump, & The Opium Wars ==

    I don’t look for UFO stuff but the 2 other topics baited me, and I wouldn’t normally bother you two but it turns out this guys sounds very intelligent and knowledgeable, and logically explains away much of the “alien” and “UFO” mystery. If this stuff in whole or part is true, I think it might be a good starting point for you to create more content. I have not heard much of it covered on The Corbett Report or Lionel Media. (The kaleidoscopic imagery only increases skepticism, not unlike a feral old bum on the corner speaking Cassandra-like truth but will never be heard because of bad optics.)

    Please consider listening to this (3h16m00s!) and discussing it, maybe even interview him.

    (Also, please consider discussing worker coops as a solution to capitalism/fascism, perhaps with Prof. Richard D. Wolff.)

    == YouTube quoted below ==

    “Roswell, Operation Highjump and the Opium Wars – Douglas Dietrich”
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yI9EkqZqTVU

    Link to media and webpage at http://exopolitics.org.ukhttp://bit.ly/DDinterview

    April 2012: In depth interview with former D.o.D. research librarian Douglas Dietrich. Douglas was exposed to highly secretive documentation as part of his role to catalogue and destroy items at the Presidio Military Base in San Francisco. This base was essentially the venue for the creation and hosting of the United Nations until it moved to New York, where it remains today.

    This 3 hour discussion was divided into 3 sections:
    – A new take on the ‘UFO crash’ at Roswell in 1947 and it’s role in the post-war era. The fate of the Axis powers,
    – British and US roles in Antartica and ‘Operation High Jump’
    – Roots of narco-trafficking as a black-budget source, Opium Wars, Tesla and Yugoslavia
    Although some of his perspectives and historical revisionism may appear suspect to some, there is no doubting that Mr. Dietrich has an unparalleled ability to process a given context highly fluidly with the ability to weave connections seamlessly between them. If you follow-up this discussion with some of your own research, you’ll find more often than not that his ideas are valid. Where possible we attempted to clarify what was found in the documents at Presidio and what elements were from his additional investigation or experience of the various points made.

  3. Octium ( User Karma: 6 ) says:

    This should not be a surprise to anyone who thinks about it and can remember the causes of the dot-com bubble which burst back in 2001.

    Not long after, many “experts” were predicting that a second dot-com bubble was on it’s way… it never eventuated, but why were the experts so wrong? What had changed the second time around that they hadn’t taken into account?

    The business models that lead to the first bubble had not seemed to have changed. The new Internet companies were still giving their services away to the public for free and the revenue from advertising (if any) would not meet expenses.

    How can you stay in business for long unless you are at least breaking even?

    Well I guess the added successful component to the new business plans (hidden away from the public) was spy industry funding!

  4. Moxa4 ( User Karma: 0 ) says:

    Thanks for making this interesting video available in his entirety.
    I’ve just discovered a short interview with Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the WWW. He says, that he is personaly frustrated how the internet developed. And he is working together with others on decentralizing the WWW again, as it should be. At the begining they are talking about not so “serious things”. But this part of the conversation is interesting in some way, too. The questions about his vision of the world wide web for the future are in the second half.
    http://www.srf.ch/news/wirtschaft/www-erfinder-ich-bin-persoenlich-frustriert

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